J. Kēhaulani Kauanui
Publisher: Duke University Press Books (November 7, 2008)
Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub
Size: 9.9 MB
Downloadable formats: PDF
within the Hawaiian houses fee Act (HHCA) of 1921, the U.S. Congress outlined “native Hawaiians” as these humans “with at the least one-half blood quantum of people inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands ahead of 1778.” This “blood good judgment” has considering the fact that turn into an entrenched a part of the criminal method in Hawai‘i. Hawaiian Blood is the 1st accomplished background and research of this federal legislations that equates Hawaiian cultural id with a quantifiable volume of blood. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui explains how blood quantum type emerged that allows you to undermine local Hawaiian (Kanaka Maoli) sovereignty. in the framework of the 50-percent rule, intermarriage “dilutes” the variety of state-recognized local Hawaiians. therefore, instead of aid local claims to the Hawaiian islands, blood quantum reduces Hawaiians to a racial minority, reinforcing a procedure of white racial privilege sure to estate ownership.Kauanui offers an impassioned review of ways the arbitrary correlation of ancestry and race imposed by means of the U.S. executive at the indigenous humans of Hawai‘i has had far-reaching felony and cultural results. With the HHCA, the government explicitly restricted the variety of Hawaiians incorporated in land provisions, and it recast Hawaiians’ land claims by way of colonial welfare instead of collective entitlement. furthermore, the exclusionary good judgment of blood quantum has profoundly affected cultural definitions of indigeneity through undermining extra inclusive Kanaka Maoli notions of kinship and belonging. Kauanui additionally addresses the continued importance of the 50-percent rule: Its standards underlie contemporary courtroom judgements that experience subverted the Hawaiian sovereignty circulate and taken to the fore charged questions on who counts as Hawaiian.