Download Machines In Our He...

Kirk Jeffrey

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Pages: 384

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1 edition (May 7, 2001)

ISBN: 0801865794

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 9.1 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF


at the present time thousands of usa citizens hold pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) inside of their our bodies. those battery-powered machines―small desktops, in fact―deliver electrical energy to the guts to right risky problems of the heart beat. yet few medical professionals, sufferers, or students understand the historical past of those units or how "heart-rhythm administration" developed right into a multi-billion-dollar production and repair undefined. Machines in Our Hearts tells the tale of those implantable scientific units. Kirk Jeffrey, a historian of technology and expertise, strains the advance of data in regards to the human heartbeat and follows surgeons, cardiologists, and engineers as they create and try out numerous digital units. a number of small production corporations jumped into pacemaker creation yet finally fell through the wayside, leaving in basic terms 3 American businesses within the company at the present time. Jeffrey profiles pioneering middle surgeons, inventors from the geographical regions of engineering and scientific learn, and company leaders who outfitted heart-rhythm administration into an with millions of staff and annual sales within the 1000's of hundreds of thousands. As Jeffrey exhibits, the pacemaker (first implanted in 1958) and the ICD (1980) embrace a paradox of high-tech healthiness care: those applied sciences are powerful and trustworthy yet upload billions to the nation's clinical invoice a result of large progress within the variety of sufferers who rely on implanted units to regulate their heartbeats.

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