Publisher: Michigan State University Press; 1 edition (May 7, 2009)
Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub
Size: 5.2 MB
Downloadable formats: PDF
The St. Lawrence Seaway was once one among the world's maximum engineering achievements whilst it opened in 1959. The $1 billion project-a sequence of locks, canals, and dams that tamed the ferocious St. Lawrence River-opened the nice Lakes to the worldwide delivery industry. Linking ports on lakes more desirable, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario to delivery hubs at the world's seven seas elevated international alternate within the nice Lakes sector. however it got here at an awfully excessive expense. international species that immigrated into the lakes in ocean freighters' ballast water tanks unleashed a organic shift that reconfigured the world's biggest freshwater ecosystems. Pandora's Locks is the tale of politicians and engineers who, pushed via hubris and handicapped through lack of know-how, demanded that the Seaway be equipped at any price. it's the tragic story of presidency businesses which could have avoided ocean freighters from laying waste to the good Lakes ecosystems, yet did not act till it was once too overdue. mixing technology with compelling own money owed, this ebook is the 1st finished account of the way inviting transoceanic freighters into North America's freshwater seas reworked those wondrous lakes.